androidmicrosoft文档actionxhtmlhtml

比如通过文档查看器打开一个文本文件时,会弹出一个可用来打开的软件列表;
 如何让自己的软件也出现在该列表中呢? 通过设置AndroidManifest.xml文件即可:
 

  
 
 

   

  
 
 

 第一个标签是每个程序都有的,关键是要添加第二个!这样你的应用程序就会出现在默认打开列表了。。。 

注意需要将mimeType修改成你需要的类型,文本文件当然就是:text/plain 

还有其它常用的如: 
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text/plain(纯文本)
 
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text/html(HTML文档)
 
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application/xhtml+xml(XHTML文档)
 
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image/gif(GIF图像)
 
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image/jpeg(JPEG图像)【PHP中为:image/pjpeg】
 
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image/png(PNG图像)【PHP中为:image/x-png】
 
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video/mpeg(MPEG动画)
 
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application/octet-stream(任意的二进制数据)
 
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application/pdf(PDF文档)
 
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application/msword(Microsoft Word文件)
 
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message/rfc822(RFC 822形式)
 
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multipart/alternative(HTML邮件的HTML形式和纯文本形式,相同内容使用不同形式表示)
 
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application/x-www-form-urlencoded(使用HTTP的POST方法提交的表单)
 
•
multipart/form-data(同上,但主要用于表单提交时伴随文件上传的场合)
 


关于mimeType更多信息可以浏览: http://blog.csdn.net/tt5267621/article/details/7173972 
将程序设置关联之后,还需要处理参数传递问题! 需要在onCreate()里面添加如下示例判断代码(未测试): 

Intent intent = getIntent();String action = intent.getAction();if(intent.ACTION_VIEW.equals(action)){ TextView tv = (TextView)findViewById(R.id.tvText); tv.setText(intent.getDataString());}
 

"intent.getDataString()"返回的就是所点击的文件路径。 
 




Android 常用 mimeType 表
 

一、MIME TYPE描述
 
多用途互联网邮件扩展(MIME,Multipurpose Internet Mail Extensions)是一个互联网标准,它扩展了电子邮件标准,使其能够支持非ASCII字符、二进制格式附件等多种格式的邮件消息。
 
内容类型(Content-Type),这个头部领域用于指定消息的类型。一般以下面的形式出现。[type]/[subtype]
 
type有下面的形式。
 •
Text:用于标准化地表示的文本信息,文本消息可以是多种字符集和或者多种格式的;
 
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Multipart:用于连接消息体的多个部分构成一个消息,这些部分可以是不同类型的数据;
 
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Application:用于传输应用程序数据或者二进制数据;
 
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Message:用于包装一个E-mail消息;
 
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Image:用于传输静态图片数据;
 
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Audio:用于传输音频或者音声数据;
 
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Video:用于传输动态影像数据,可以是与音频编辑在一起的视频数据格式。
 

subtype用于指定type的详细形式。content-type/subtype配对的集合和与此相关的参数,将随着时间而增长。为了确保这些值在一个有序而且公开的状态下开发,MIME使用Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA)作为中心的注册机制来管理这些值。常用的subtype值如下所示:
 •
text/plain(纯文本)
 
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text/html(HTML文档)
 
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application/xhtml+xml(XHTML文档)
 
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image/gif(GIF图像)
 
•
image/jpeg(JPEG图像)【PHP中为:image/pjpeg】
 
•
image/png(PNG图像)【PHP中为:image/x-png】
 
•
video/mpeg(MPEG动画)
 
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application/octet-stream(任意的二进制数据)
 
•
application/pdf(PDF文档)
 
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application/msword(Microsoft Word文件)
 
•
message/rfc822(RFC 822形式)
 
•
multipart/alternative(HTML邮件的HTML形式和纯文本形式,相同内容使用不同形式表示)
 
•
application/x-www-form-urlencoded(使用HTTP的POST方法提交的表单)
 
•
multipart/form-data(同上,但主要用于表单提交时伴随文件上传的场合)
 
•
 
 

二、常用MIME Type表
 
转自:http://www.littledai.com/20110408/112443/791
 
3gp video/3gpp
 aab application/x-authoware-bin
 aam application/x-authoware-map
 aas application/x-authoware-seg
 ai application/postscript
 aif audio/x-aiff
 aifc audio/x-aiff
 aiff audio/x-aiff
 als audio/X-Alpha5
 amc application/x-mpeg
 ani application/octet-stream
 apk application/vnd.android.package-archive
 asc text/plain
 asd application/astound
 asf video/x-ms-asf
 asn application/astound
 asp application/x-asap
 asx video/x-ms-asf
 au audio/basic
 avb application/octet-stream
 avi video/x-msvideo
 awb audio/amr-wb
 bcpio application/x-bcpio
 bin application/octet-stream
 bld application/bld
 bld2 application/bld2
 bmp image/bmp
 bpk application/octet-stream
 bz2 application/x-bzip2
 cal image/x-cals
 ccn application/x-cnc
 cco application/x-cocoa
 cdf application/x-netcdf
 cgi magnus-internal/cgi
 chat application/x-chat
 class application/octet-stream
 clp application/x-msclip
 cmx application/x-cmx
 co application/x-cult3d-object
 cod image/cis-cod
 cpio application/x-cpio
 cpt application/mac-compactpro
 crd application/x-mscardfile
 csh application/x-csh
 csm chemical/x-csml
 csml chemical/x-csml
 css text/css
 cur application/octet-stream
 dcm x-lml/x-evm
 dcr application/x-director
 dcx image/x-dcx
 dhtml text/html
 dir application/x-director
 dll application/octet-stream
 dmg application/octet-stream
 dms application/octet-stream
 doc application/msword
 dot application/x-dot
 dvi application/x-dvi
 dwf drawing/x-dwf
 dwg application/x-autocad
 dxf application/x-autocad
 dxr application/x-director
 ebk application/x-expandedbook
 emb chemical/x-embl-dl-nucleotide
 embl chemical/x-embl-dl-nucleotide
 eps application/postscript
 eri image/x-eri
 es audio/echospeech
 esl audio/echospeech
 etc application/x-earthtime
 etx text/x-setext
 evm x-lml/x-evm
 evy application/x-envoy
 exe application/octet-stream
 fh4 image/x-freehand
 fh5 image/x-freehand
 fhc image/x-freehand
 fif image/fif
 fm application/x-maker
 fpx image/x-fpx
 fvi video/isivideo
 gau chemical/x-gaussian-input
 gca application/x-gca-compressed
 gdb x-lml/x-gdb
 gif image/gif
 gps application/x-gps
 gtar application/x-gtar
 gz application/x-gzip
 hdf application/x-hdf
 hdm text/x-hdml
 hdml text/x-hdml
 hlp application/winhlp
 hqx application/mac-binhex40
 htm text/html
 html text/html
 hts text/html
 ice x-conference/x-cooltalk
 ico application/octet-stream
 ief image/ief
 ifm image/gif
 ifs image/ifs
 imy audio/melody
 ins application/x-NET-Install
 ips application/x-ipscript
 ipx application/x-ipix
 it audio/x-mod
 itz audio/x-mod
 ivr i-world/i-vrml
 j2k image/j2k
 jad text/vnd.sun.j2me.app-descriptor
 jam application/x-jam
 jar application/java-archive
 jnlp application/x-java-jnlp-file
 jpe image/jpeg
 jpeg image/jpeg
 jpg image/jpeg
 jpz image/jpeg
 js application/x-javascript
 jwc application/jwc
 kjx application/x-kjx
 lak x-lml/x-lak
 latex application/x-latex
 lcc application/fastman
 lcl application/x-digitalloca
 lcr application/x-digitalloca
 lgh application/lgh
 lha application/octet-stream
 lml x-lml/x-lml
 lmlpack x-lml/x-lmlpack
 lsf video/x-ms-asf
 lsx video/x-ms-asf
 lzh application/x-lzh
 m13 application/x-msmediaview
 m14 application/x-msmediaview
 m15 audio/x-mod
 m3u audio/x-mpegurl
 m3url audio/x-mpegurl
 ma1 audio/ma1
 ma2 audio/ma2
 ma3 audio/ma3
 ma5 audio/ma5
 man application/x-troff-man
 map magnus-internal/imagemap
 mbd application/mbedlet
 mct application/x-mascot
 mdb application/x-msaccess
 mdz audio/x-mod
 me application/x-troff-me
 mel text/x-vmel
 mi application/x-mif
 mid audio/midi
 midi audio/midi
 mif application/x-mif
 mil image/x-cals
 mio audio/x-mio
 mmf application/x-skt-lbs
 mng video/x-mng
 mny application/x-msmoney
 moc application/x-mocha
 mocha application/x-mocha
 mod audio/x-mod
 mof application/x-yumekara
 mol chemical/x-mdl-molfile
 mop chemical/x-mopac-input
 mov video/quicktime
 movie video/x-sgi-movie
 mp2 audio/x-mpeg
 mp3 audio/x-mpeg
 mp4 video/mp4
 mpc application/vnd.mpohun.certificate
 mpe video/mpeg
 mpeg video/mpeg
 mpg video/mpeg
 mpg4 video/mp4
 mpga audio/mpeg
 mpn application/vnd.mophun.application
 mpp application/vnd.ms-project
 mps application/x-mapserver
 mrl text/x-mrml
 mrm application/x-mrm
 ms application/x-troff-ms
 mts application/metastream
 mtx application/metastream
 mtz application/metastream
 mzv application/metastream
 nar application/zip
 nbmp image/nbmp
 nc application/x-netcdf
 ndb x-lml/x-ndb
 ndwn application/ndwn
 nif application/x-nif
 nmz application/x-scream
 nokia-op-logo image/vnd.nok-oplogo-color
 npx application/x-netfpx
 nsnd audio/nsnd
 nva application/x-neva1
 oda application/oda
 oom application/x-AtlasMate-Plugin
 pac audio/x-pac
 pae audio/x-epac
 pan application/x-pan
 pbm image/x-portable-bitmap
 pcx image/x-pcx
 pda image/x-pda
 pdb chemical/x-pdb
 pdf application/pdf
 pfr application/font-tdpfr
 pgm image/x-portable-graymap
 pict image/x-pict
 pm application/x-perl
 pmd application/x-pmd
 png image/png
 pnm image/x-portable-anymap
 pnz image/png
 pot application/vnd.ms-powerpoint
 ppm image/x-portable-pixmap
 pps application/vnd.ms-powerpoint
 ppt application/vnd.ms-powerpoint
 pqf application/x-cprplayer
 pqi application/cprplayer
 prc application/x-prc
 proxy application/x-ns-proxy-autoconfig
 ps application/postscript
 ptlk application/listenup
 pub application/x-mspublisher
 pvx video/x-pv-pvx
 qcp audio/vnd.qcelp
 qt video/quicktime
 qti image/x-quicktime
 qtif image/x-quicktime
 r3t text/vnd.rn-realtext3d
 ra audio/x-pn-realaudio
 ram audio/x-pn-realaudio
 rar application/x-rar-compressed
 ras image/x-cmu-raster
 rdf application/rdf+xml
 rf image/vnd.rn-realflash
 rgb image/x-rgb
 rlf application/x-richlink
 rm audio/x-pn-realaudio
 rmf audio/x-rmf
 rmm audio/x-pn-realaudio
 rmvb audio/x-pn-realaudio
 rnx application/vnd.rn-realplayer
 roff application/x-troff
 rp image/vnd.rn-realpix
 rpm audio/x-pn-realaudio-plugin
 rt text/vnd.rn-realtext
 rte x-lml/x-gps
 rtf application/rtf
 rtg application/metastream
 rtx text/richtext
 rv video/vnd.rn-realvideo
 rwc application/x-rogerwilco
 s3m audio/x-mod
 s3z audio/x-mod
 sca application/x-supercard
 scd application/x-msschedule
 sdf application/e-score
 sea application/x-stuffit
 sgm text/x-sgml
 sgml text/x-sgml
 sh application/x-sh
 shar application/x-shar
 shtml magnus-internal/parsed-html
 shw application/presentations
 si6 image/si6
 si7 image/vnd.stiwap.sis
 si9 image/vnd.lgtwap.sis
 sis application/vnd.symbian.install
 sit application/x-stuffit
 skd application/x-Koan
 skm application/x-Koan
 skp application/x-Koan
 skt application/x-Koan
 slc application/x-salsa
 smd audio/x-smd
 smi application/smil
 smil application/smil
 smp application/studiom
 smz audio/x-smd
 snd audio/basic
 spc text/x-speech
 spl application/futuresplash
 spr application/x-sprite
 sprite application/x-sprite
 spt application/x-spt
 src application/x-wais-source
 stk application/hyperstudio
 stm audio/x-mod
 sv4cpio application/x-sv4cpio
 sv4crc application/x-sv4crc
 svf image/vnd
 svg image/svg-xml
 svh image/svh
 svr x-world/x-svr
 swf application/x-shockwave-flash
 swfl application/x-shockwave-flash
 t application/x-troff
 tad application/octet-stream
 talk text/x-speech
 tar application/x-tar
 taz application/x-tar
 tbp application/x-timbuktu
 tbt application/x-timbuktu
 tcl application/x-tcl
 tex application/x-tex
 texi application/x-texinfo
 texinfo application/x-texinfo
 tgz application/x-tar
 thm application/vnd.eri.thm
 tif image/tiff
 tiff image/tiff
 tki application/x-tkined
 tkined application/x-tkined
 toc application/toc
 toy image/toy
 tr application/x-troff
 trk x-lml/x-gps
 trm application/x-msterminal
 tsi audio/tsplayer
 tsp application/dsptype
 tsv text/tab-separated-values
 tsv text/tab-separated-values
 ttf application/octet-stream
 ttz application/t-time
 txt text/plain
 ult audio/x-mod
 ustar application/x-ustar
 uu application/x-uuencode
 uue application/x-uuencode
 vcd application/x-cdlink
 vcf text/x-vcard
 vdo video/vdo
 vib audio/vib
 viv video/vivo
 vivo video/vivo
 vmd application/vocaltec-media-desc
 vmf application/vocaltec-media-file
 vmi application/x-dreamcast-vms-info
 vms application/x-dreamcast-vms
 vox audio/voxware
 vqe audio/x-twinvq-plugin
 vqf audio/x-twinvq
 vql audio/x-twinvq
 vre x-world/x-vream
 vrml x-world/x-vrml
 vrt x-world/x-vrt
 vrw x-world/x-vream
 vts workbook/formulaone
 wav audio/x-wav
 wax audio/x-ms-wax
 wbmp image/vnd.wap.wbmp
 web application/vnd.xara
 wi image/wavelet
 wis application/x-InstallShield
 wm video/x-ms-wm
 wma audio/x-ms-wma
 wmd application/x-ms-wmd
 wmf application/x-msmetafile
 wml text/vnd.wap.wml
 wmlc application/vnd.wap.wmlc
 wmls text/vnd.wap.wmlscript
 wmlsc application/vnd.wap.wmlscriptc
 wmlscript text/vnd.wap.wmlscript
 wmv audio/x-ms-wmv
 wmx video/x-ms-wmx
 wmz application/x-ms-wmz
 wpng image/x-up-wpng
 wpt x-lml/x-gps
 wri application/x-mswrite
 wrl x-world/x-vrml
 wrz x-world/x-vrml
 ws text/vnd.wap.wmlscript
 wsc application/vnd.wap.wmlscriptc
 wv video/wavelet
 wvx video/x-ms-wvx
 wxl application/x-wxl
 x-gzip application/x-gzip
 xar application/vnd.xara
 xbm image/x-xbitmap
 xdm application/x-xdma
 xdma application/x-xdma
 xdw application/vnd.fujixerox.docuworks
 xht application/xhtml+xml
 xhtm application/xhtml+xml
 xhtml application/xhtml+xml
 xla application/vnd.ms-excel
 xlc application/vnd.ms-excel
 xll application/x-excel
 xlm application/vnd.ms-excel
 xls application/vnd.ms-excel
 xlt application/vnd.ms-excel
 xlw application/vnd.ms-excel
 xm audio/x-mod
 xml text/xml
 xmz audio/x-mod
 xpi application/x-xpinstall
 xpm image/x-xpixmap
 xsit text/xml
 xsl text/xml
 xul text/xul
 xwd image/x-xwindowdump
 xyz chemical/x-pdb
 yz1 application/x-yz1
 z application/x-compress
 zac application/x-zaurus-zac
 zip application/zip